Barriers in Adherence to Diet in Patients with Type-2 Diabetes: A Literature Review

Sulatha Haridas 1 , Dr. Kumar Ebanezar. K 2 , Dr. Vigneswaran3

TBEAH . 2023 April; 4(1): 21-25. Published online 2023 April

Abstract :

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most difficult health problems of the 21st century. Poorly managed Type-2 diabetes is regarded as an important public health problem and is often related with negative outcomes. Adherence to prescribed treatment regimens and dietary recommendations are important for achieving positive health outcomes in DM management. Patient nonadherence can be a pervasive hazard to health and well-being, as well as a significant financial burden. This focus of this review paper is on the barriers in adherence to diabetic diet management plan among adults with Type-2 diabetes in India. The objective of the review was to determine the prevalence of Type-2 diabetes and the impact of knowledge, perceptions, and sociocultural factors in adherence to diabetic diet among the people with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Despite the fact that several research outcomes have demonstrated the importance of diet management and glycaemic control in D2M management, the adherence towards self-care and dietary recommendations among Indian patients remains unsatisfactory. The review clearly revealed the significance of the factors like knowledge, awareness, sociocultural and lifestyles related factors in the adherence to selfcare behaviours including dietary routines in diabetes management.

Keyword : Barriers, dietary adherence, India, patients, self-care behaviours, type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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